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Announcements

Upcoming Middle East DNS Forum Postponed

ISTANBUL – 27 February 2020 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) today announced that its Middle East DNS Forum, scheduled for 24-25 March 2020, in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, is being postponed. This decision was made in...

ICANN Announces [email protected] Participants

LOS ANGELES – 24 February 2020 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) has announced the individuals selected to participate in the NextGen Program at ICANN68 in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia from 22-25 June 2020. The 12...

ICANN to Hold First-Ever Remote Public Meeting

LOS ANGELES – 19 February 2020 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) today announced that its ICANN67 Public Meeting, which was to be held in Cancún, Mexico, will now be held via remote participation-only. This decision...

Middle East and Adjoining Countries (MEAC) Strategy 2021-2025

Open Date: 18 February 2020 Close Date: 3 April 2020 Originating Organization: Global Stakeholder Engagement (GSE) Categories/Tags: Engagement/Participation, Strategy Brief Overview: To align...

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Multimedia

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Projet d’histoire de l’ICANN | Interview avec Nii Quaynor [301F]

Nii Quaynor, membre du Conseil d’administration de l’ICANN (2000-2003), à propos de l’expansion mondiale de l’ICANN. Pour en savoir plus, rendez-vous sur https://www.icann.org/history.

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Proyecto sobre la historia de la ICANN | Entrevista a Nii Quaynor [301S]

Nii Quaynor, miembro de la Junta Directiva de la ICANN (2000-2003), habla sobre la expansión global de la ICANN. Ver mas información en https://www.icann.org/history

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2020 NomCom Update

Jay Sudowski, Chair of the 2020 ICANN Nominating Committee (NomCom), Ole Jacobsen, the 2020 NomCom Chair-Elect and Damon Ashcraft, the 2020 NomCom Associate Chair, give ICANN's James Cole an update...

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Customer Standing Committee (CSC) Update At ICANN66

Byron Holland, Chair, Inaugural CSC, discusses the successes and future of the CSC.

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Blog Posts

The ICANN History Project Explores Global Engagement

Registration Data Directory Services (RDDS) Roadmap Update

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ATRT3 Brussels Meeting Recap and Looking Ahead to Cancún

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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."